E-Knjižnica FET "Dr. Mijo Mirković"

Is "quango" a useful concept in public economics?

Friedrich, Peter and Ukrainski, Kadri (2011) Is "quango" a useful concept in public economics? In: The 5th International Scientific Conference "Entrepreneurship and Macroeconomic Management: Reflections on the World in Turmoil".

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Recently a set of governmental institutions named "quango" emerged that act to fulfil tasks of governments at the European level, the central government, federal or national level, state level or municipal level. Due to different forms of European cooperation, different systems of public and private law in European member states, decentralization policies, new tasks and forms of new public managements they are developing. They do not fit well in the traditional tools of governance as they are of very different institutional structure and might form a traditional public office or a public or mixed enterprise as an institutional public-private partnership (hereinafter PPP). We present many differing definitions used in literature, which we find not comprehensive. Therefore, we try to define quangos, and discuss in which forms they do appear in different countries of the European Union (EU) and how do they differ or equal already existing institutions. There we find that an already existing economic definition of a public economic unit can be applied to quangos. They are economic units producing services and goods in order to accomplish public goals and they are at least partly owned by a jurisdiction. They may occur in an independent form of law thus constituting an own juridical subject. On the other hand they may be a dependent part of the administrations of a jurisdiction, however differing from other economic units of the jurisdiction in such a way that they are own organizational bodies, possess allocated own resources and a scope of decision making for its management at least referring to marketing and production decisions. In literature many efforts are devoted to the question how their dependencies and scope of autonomy can be defined and measured. These approaches use mostly statistical methods using different variables and factors that should show their degree of dependencies. Other ways are to discover legally dependencies and concentrating on strategies decisions which are under the governance of the quango management. Many old controversies with respect to owner and public enterprise relations are repeated, which deal with principal agent relations. Therefore we suggest applying a simple theory of public office management, where the public office is an economic unit and public enterprise theory. Our discussions show that there are not so many new findings possible, but the discussion about these forms of institutions opens insights into appropriate organization building under different legal systems, systems of government and cooperation we find in the EU. Especially the need for appropriate theoretical models to discuss quango behaviour becomes stressed and approaches to quango theory get suggested.

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Tip objekta: Materijal konferencije ili radionice (Paper)
Dodatne informacije: 5/2011
Ključni pojmovi: public economics, quango, utility function, EU
Teme: 3 Društvene znanosti > 33 Ekonomija. Ekonomska znanost > 336 Financije. Uključujući: Javne financije. Bankarstvo. Novac
3 Društvene znanosti > 33 Ekonomija. Ekonomska znanost > 336 Financije. Uključujući: Javne financije. Bankarstvo. Novac > 336.1 Javne financije, državne financije općenito
Odjeli: Odjel za ekonomiju i turizam "Dr. Mijo Mirković"
Datum pohrane: 08 Jan 2013 07:24
Zadnja promjena: 08 Jan 2013 07:24
URI: http://eknjiznica.unipu.hr/id/eprint/1947

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